In October of 2000, the UN Security Council held a debate on Women, Peace and Security, passing Security Council Resolution 1325 on October 31st. This historic event was a result of the hard work of women all over the world, and the hard work of the United Nations, which has produced many documents, treaties and consensus agreements that mention and expand on the effect of war on women and the need for their involvement in conflict prevention, peace building and post-conflict reconstruction. Like all resolutions of the Security Council it has the status of international law.

Full text

Print version: unsc1325full.pdf

Annotated Resolution (UNIFEM)

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Print version:1325annotated.pdf

Source: http://www.womenwarpeace.org/toolbox/annot1325.htm

The UNIFEM annotation provides informative background and explanation, which enable the significance of each section of the resolution to be more easily understood

For fuller history and analysis see

Web version: click here

Source: http://www.peacewomen.org/un/UN1325/1325index.html


The recommendations of the three important reports coming out of the UNSCR 1325: UN Secretary-General's Report on Women, Peace and Security; the UN Secretary-General's Study on Women, Peace and Security and UNIFEM's Report entitled "Women, War and Peace" have been brought together.
They were compiled under the following headings for the purpose of the February 3, 2003 workshop entitled "Implementing UNSC 1325: From Recommendation to Action." Their order differs from the three original documents. They provide an important agenda for action for the UN and for member states.

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Print version: UNSC 1325 Recommendations.pdf

Source: http://www.peacewomen.org/un/UN1325/CombinedRecommendations.html

  1. conflict prevention: early warning and early response
  2. humanitarian assistance and protection: impact of war on women and girls
  3. peace support operations and gender mainstreaming: impact of peacekeeping operations on communities
  4. women’s inclusion in peace negotiations and processes: contributions of civil society
  5. reconstruction and rehabilitation: legal and socio-economic issues
  6. disarmament, demobilization, reconstruction and security sector reform
  7. justice, truth and reconciliation issues


  1. UN Secretary General’s Report to UN Security Council on “Women, Peace and Security” 16 October 2002, pp12

    Print version: sgrep2002.pdf

    This report sets the scene for the more detailed study of the impact of armed conflict on women and girls, the role of women in peace building and the gender dimensions of peace processes and conflict resolution requested in UNSCR 1325. It identifies the issues and the framework within which they will be analysed and recommendations made.

  2. UN Secretary-General's Study on “Women, Peace and Security” pp 170 This study commissioned in UNSCR 1325 reports in detail on the impact of armed conflict on women and girls, the role of women in peace building and the gender dimensions of peace processes and conflict resolution with concrete recommendations for carrying 1325 forward

    Web version: click here
    Print version: eWPS.pdf
    Source: http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/public/eWPS.pdf

  3. Women, War and Peace: The Independent Experts’ Assessment on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Women and Women’s Role in Peace-building - By Elisabeth Rehn & Ellen Johnson Sirleaf”
    UNIFEM Executive Summary

    Print version: 270_exec_summary.pdf

    Source: http://www.unifem.org/index.php?f_page_pid=149

    The voices of women, the horror and pain of their experiences during war and their struggles to build peace are at the heart of this report by independent experts Elisabeth Rehn (Finland) and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (Liberia) Because of the specific way in which women are targeted during conflict, and because Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000) on women, peace and security called for further study, UNIFEM appointed the two women, both politicians and government officials in their home countries, to travel to conflict areas, interview women and bring their concerns to the attention of the United Nations and the world. The report covers many areas of concern, from the gender dimensions of violence and displacement during conflict to the role of peacekeepers and the need for women to play a central part during peace negotiations and reconstruction. Key recommendations focus on finding ways to protect and empower women.


  • Support for 1325 in principle and practice
    • Statement made at UN Security Council Open Debate 28 October, 2004
      Australia strongly reaffirms commitment to principles of 1325, outlines implementation in development cooperation programs
      view web document
    • Statement made at UN Security Council Open Debate 29 October 2003 “.need to focus on practical steps to give effect to Resolution 1325. Australia stands ready to do its part”.
      view web document
    • Incorporated in Aid policy document, Peace, Conflict and Development Policy, June 2002
      view web document
    • In letters from Ministers received by WILPF, October 2002
      view web document
    • Submission to Commission on the Status of Women 2004
      view web document
  • Financial support
    • for UN Secretary General’s Study on “Women, Peace and Security”
      view web document


    Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) Submission
    CSW 2004 Theme #2:

    Women's equal participation in conflict prevention, conflict management
    and conflict resolution and in post-conflict peace-building

    View full document click here:

    Download Word document: WILPF SubmissionCSW2004 .doc